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Donors Sponsors Partners. Donate Participate Download. Follow us Sponsors Advertisements. Kraftwerk , released in , and Kraftwerk 2 , released in , were mostly exploratory musical improvisations played on a variety of traditional instruments including guitar, bass, drums, organ, flute, and violin. Post-production modifications to these recordings were used to distort the sound of the instruments, particularly audio-tape manipulation and multiple dubbings of one instrument on the same track.

Both albums are purely instrumental. Live performances from to were made as a duo, using a simple beat-box-type electronic drum machine , with preset rhythms taken from an electric organ.

These shows were mainly in Germany, with occasional shows in France. With Ralf und Florian , released in , Kraftwerk began to move closer to its now classic sound, relying more heavily on synthesizers and drum machines. Although almost entirely instrumental, the album marks Kraftwerk's first use of the vocoder , which would in time become one of its musical signatures.

According to English music journalist Simon Reynolds , Kraftwerk was influenced by what he called the "adrenalized insurgency" of Detroit artists of the late '60s MC5 and the Stooges. The input, expertise, and influence of producer and engineer Konrad "Conny" Plank was highly significant in the early years of Kraftwerk. Plank also worked with many of the other leading German electronic acts of that time, including members of Can , Neu!

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As a result of his work with Kraftwerk, Plank's studio near Cologne became one of the most sought-after studios in the late s. Plank coproduced the first four Kraftwerk albums. The release of Autobahn in saw Kraftwerk moving away from the sound of its first three albums. Autobahn would also be the last album that Conny Plank would engineer.

At this time the painter and graphic artist Emil Schult became a regular collaborator, designing artwork, cowriting lyrics, and accompanying the group on tour. The year saw a turning point in Kraftwerk's live shows. With financial support from Phonogram Inc.

The tour also saw a new, stable, live line-up in the form of a quartet. The pair also started singing live for the first time, Schneider processing his voice with a vocoder live. Bartos also used a Deagan vibraphone on stage. Emil Schult generally fulfilled the role of tour manager. After the Autobahn tour, Kraftwerk began work on a follow-up album, Radio-Activity German title: After further investment in new equipment, the Kling Klang Studio became a fully working recording studio.

The group used the central theme in radio communication, which had become enhanced on their last tour of the United States. With Emil Schult working on artwork and lyrics, Kraftwerk began to compose music for the new record.

Even though Radio-Activity was less commercially successful than Autobahn in the UK and United States, the album served to open up the European market for Kraftwerk, earning them a gold disc in France.

Kraftwerk made videos and performed several European live dates to promote the album. With the release of Autobahn and Radio-Activity , Kraftwerk left behind avant-garde experimentation and moved towards the electronic pop tunes for which they are best known. In , Kraftwerk toured in support of the Radio-Activity album. David Bowie was among the fans of the record and invited the band to support him on his Station to Station tour, an offer the group declined.

The album won a disco award in New York later that year. The band hired sound engineer Leanard Jackson from Detroit to work with Joschko Rudas on the final mix. The cover, produced in black, white and red, was inspired by Russian artist El Lissitzky and the Suprematism movement. Gunther Frohling photographed the group for the cover, a now-iconic image which featured the quartet dressed in red shirts and black ties. Kraftwerk did not release another album for three years.

Computerwelt on EMI records. The single reached number one in the UK, making "The Model" Kraftwerk's most successful song in that country. In contrast to their cool and controlled image, the group used sequencers interactively, which allowed for live improvisation.

Ironically Kraftwerk did not own a computer at the time of recording Computer World. Kraftwerk returned to live performance with the Computer World tour of , where the band effectively packed up its entire Kling Klang studio and took it along on the road.

They also made greater use of live visuals including back-projected slides and films synchronized with the music as the technology developed, the use of hand-held miniaturized instruments during the set for example, during "Pocket Calculator" , and, perhaps most famously, the use of replica mannequins of themselves to perform on stage during the song "The Robots".

In Kraftwerk began to work on a new album that initially had the working title Technicolor but due to trademark issues was changed to Techno Pop. One of the songs from these recording sessions was " Tour de France ", which EMI released as a single in This song was a reflection of the band's new-found obsession for cycling.

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The other members of the band were not convinced, and the theme was left to the single alone. The vocals of the song were recorded on the Kling Klang Studio stairs to create the right atmosphere.

Since the band began using sequencers his role as a drummer was becoming less frequent. He preferred to spend his time travelling with his girlfriend. Techno Pop he hardly returned to the Kling Klang Studio. After years of withdrawal from live performance Kraftwerk began to tour Europe more frequently.

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In February the band played a few secret shows in Italy. Karl Bartos left the band shortly afterwards. The next proper tour was in , for the album The Mix.

Abrantes left the band shortly after though. In late , long-time Kling Klang Studio sound engineer Henning Schmitz was brought in to finish the remainder of the tour and to complete a new version of the quartet that remained active until In Kraftwerk made a famous appearance at the dance festival Tribal Gathering held in England. Three new songs were performed during this period, which remain unreleased.

Following this trek, the group decided to take another break. It was released for the first time on CD in addition to a repressing of the inch vinyl single. Later English-language editions of the book were titled Kraftwerk: I Was a Robot.

The single " Expo " was released in December The track was remixed and re-released as "Expo Remix" in November In January and February , before the release of the album, the band started the extensive Minimum-Maximum world tour, using four customised Sony VAIO laptop computers, effectively leaving the entire Kling Klang studio at home in Germany.

The group also obtained a new set of transparent video panels to replace its four large projection screens. This greatly streamlined the running of all of the group's sequencing, sound-generating, and visual-display software. From this point, the band's equipment increasingly reduced manual playing, replacing it with interactive control of sequencing equipment. Schneider's live vocoding had been replaced by software-controlled speech-synthesis techniques.

The same year a promotional box set entitled subtitled The Catalogue was issued, with plans for a proper commercial release to follow. The box featured remastered editions of the group's eight core studio albums, from Autobahn to Tour de France Soundtracks. This long-awaited box-set would eventually be released in a different set of remasters in November In June the band's first-ever official live album, Minimum-Maximum , which was compiled from the shows during the band's tour of spring , received extremely positive reviews.

This included a track titled "Planet of Visions" that was a reworking of "Expo ". In support of this release, Kraftwerk made another quick sweep around the Balkans with dates in Serbia , Bulgaria , North Macedonia , Turkey , and Greece. This was their second appearance at the festival since Original member Florian Schneider was absent from the lineup.

Many successful bands break up after just a few years. Members of the audience were able to watch this multimedia part of the show with 3D glasses, which were given out.

Kraftwerk finally released The Catalogue box set on 16 November. They've always been available, but as really bad bootlegs. Now we have more artwork. Emil has researched extra contemporary drawings, graphics, and photographs to go with each album, collections of paintings that we worked with, and drawings that Florian and I did.

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We took a lot of Polaroids in those days. Kraftwerk performed three concerts to open the exhibit. Initiated by Klaus Biesenbach , the Museum of Modern Art of New York organized an exhibit titled Kraftwerk — Retrospective 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 where the band performed their studio discography from Autobahn to Tour de France over the course of eight days to sell-out crowds.

A limited edition version of the Catalogue box set was released during the retrospective, restricted to sets. Each box was individually numbered and inverted the colour scheme of the standard box. Even so, the demand for the tickets at The Tate was so high that it shut down the website.

In March , the band was not allowed to perform at a music festival in China due to unspecified "political reasons". In October the band played four concerts, over two nights, in Eindhoven , Netherlands.

Bespoke visuals of the building, with the saucer section descending from space, were displayed during the rendition of Spacelab. Eventually the band played three concerts 3 and 4 July in TivoliVredenburg performing "Tour de France Soundtracks" and visited the start of the Tour in-between. In April , Kraftwerk announced 3-D The Catalogue , a live album and video documenting performances of all eight albums in The Catalogue that was released 26 May It is available in multiple formats, the most extensive of which being a 4-disc Blu-ray set with a page hardback book.

Kraftwerk have been recognized as pioneers of electronic music [5] [4] [2] as well as subgenres such as electropop , [40] [4] [2] art pop , [3] [41] [42] and synth-pop. They were influenced by the modernist Bauhaus aesthetic, seeing art as inseparable from everyday function.

Many of Kraftwerk's songs express the paradoxical nature of modern urban life: All of Kraftwerk's albums from Trans Europe Express onwards, except Tour de France Soundtracks have been released in separate versions: Live performance has always played an important part in Kraftwerk's activities.

Also, despite its live shows generally being based around formal songs and compositions, live improvisation often plays a noticeable role in its performances. This trait can be traced back to the group's roots in the first experimental Krautrock scene of the late s, but, significantly, it has continued to be a part of its playing even as it makes ever greater use of digital and computer-controlled sequencing in its performances.

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Some of the band's familiar compositions have been observed to have developed from live improvisations at its concerts or sound-checks. Throughout their career, Kraftwerk have pushed the limits of music technology with some notable innovations, such as home-made instruments and custom-built devices. The group has always perceived their Kling Klang Studio as a complex music instrument, as well as a sound laboratory; Florian Schneider in particular developed a fascination with music technology, with the result that the technical aspects of sound generation and recording gradually became his main fields of activity within the band.

Kraftwerk used a custom-built vocoder on their albums Ralf und Florian and Autobahn ; the device was constructed by engineers P. Leunig and K. Obermayer of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt Braunschweig. Unfortunately, the device did not work as planned, and it was quickly abandoned. The band is notoriously reclusive, providing rare and enigmatic interviews, using life-size mannequins and robots to conduct official photo shoots, refusing to accept mail and not allowing visitors at the Kling Klang Studio , the precise location of which they used to keep secret.

Another notable example of this eccentric behavior was reported to Johnny Marr of the Smiths by Karl Bartos, who explained that anyone trying to contact the band for collaboration would be told the studio telephone did not have a ringer, since while recording, the band did not like to hear any kind of noise pollution.

He sent a letter through the lawyers of the respective parties and several weeks later received an envelope containing a handwritten reply that simply said "yes". According to music journalist Neil McCormick, Kraftwerk might be "the most influential group in pop history". Kraftwerk helped ignite the New York electro-movement.

Daniel Miller , founder of Mute Records, downloadd the vocoder used by Kraftwerk in their early albums, comparing it to owning "the guitar Jimi Hendrix used on ' Purple Haze '". Richard D James a.

Aphex Twin, has noted Kraftwerk as one of his biggest influences and called Computer World as a very influential album towards his music and sound. Oh, the dismay! Kraftwerk inspired many acts from other styles and genres. Joy Division frontman Ian Curtis was a fan, and showed his colleagues records that would influence their music. The worldwide hit " Heart of Glass " turned radically from an initial reggae-flavoured style to its distinctive electronic sound in order to imitate the technological approach of Kraftwerk's albums and adapt it to a disco concept.

The band also performed some Kraftwerk songs as snippets during live shows. Rammstein also covered their song, Das Modell releasing it on a non-album single in John Frusciante cited the ability to experiment of the group as an inspiration when working in a recording studio.Although almost entirely instrumental, the album marks Kraftwerk's first use of the vocoder , which would in time become one of its musical signatures.

Views Read Edit View history. Problems playing this file? Karl Bartos left the band shortly afterwards. Founding member Schneider departed in Plank coproduced the first four Kraftwerk albums. He preferred to spend his time travelling with his girlfriend. Three new songs were performed during this period, which remain unreleased.

In Kraftwerk made a famous appearance at the dance festival Tribal Gathering held in England.

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